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72) There were two who spoke against the Creator, Moses and Elijah. Moses said, “O Lord, why have You brought harm to this people,” and Elijah said, “You also brought harm upon the widow with whom I dwell, by slaying her son.” They were both saying the same thing.
73) Moses said, “Why have You brought harm” because the Sitra Achra was given dominion over Israel. “Brought harm” means You have given permission to the other side, of evil, to rule over them.
Elijah said, “Brought harm,” since You have given permission for the Sitra Achra to take the soul of this one. This is the meaning of his words, “You also brought harm,” and it is all one because “Brought harm” means giving permission to the Sitra Achra, who is called “harm.”
74) Elijah said, “Have You also brought harm upon the widow with whom I dwell, by slaying her son,” since the Creator said to Elijah, “Behold, I have commanded a widow there to sustain you.” Anyone who nurtures and sustains one who needs him, especially at a time of famine, unites and clings to the tree of life and causes life for himself and for his sons. And now, Elijah said, “Anyone who sustains a soul in the world is rewarded with life for himself and is rewarded with uniting with the tree of life. And now the tree of death, meaning the evil side, governs the widow that You have commanded to sustain me.” This is why he said, “You also brought harm.”
75) But no harm comes to man from the Creator? When one walks to the right, the Creator’s keeping is always with him, the Sitra Achra cannot govern him, and this harm surrenders before him and cannot rule. And because the Creator’s keeping has been removed from him, if he clings to the evil, since that evil sees that there is no keeping with him, it then governs him and comes to destroy him, and then he is given permission and he takes his soul.
76) Moses said, “Why have You brought harm to this people,” since the evil side was given permission to rule over Israel, to be enslaved by him. Another interpretation, “Why have You brought harm,” since he saw how many of Israel were dying and were handed over to the evil side.
77) When the good, which is the right side, awakens, every joy, every good, and all the blessings are found. And it is all in secret, as the sons of Jacob said, “Blessed by the name of the glory of His kingdom forever and ever,” in secret. This is so because at that time it is a proper unification. This explains why Joseph said during the unification, “Have everyone go out from me,” since the unification must be in secret.
78) But Elijah—who sentences and the Creator keeps, as he sentenced the heavens to not pour down dew and rain—how did he fear Jezebel [Izevel], who sent for him, as it is written, “If I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time,” and promptly, “He was afraid … and went for his soul”?
79) The righteous do not wish to trouble their Master where harm is evident. Such was Samuel, who said, “How can I go? If Saul hears, he will kill me.” He told him, “Take a heifer with you,” since the righteous do not wish to trouble their Master where harm is evident. It is the same with Elijah: since he saw that harm was evident, he did not wish to trouble his Master.
80) It does not say about Elijah, “And he was afraid and ran for his life,” but rather, “And when he saw that,” meaning he saw, in sight. He saw that the angel of death has been following him for several years and he was not given into his hands. But now, “And went for his soul,” meaning he went to sustain the soul, which is the tree of life, to cling to there. And the angel of death would no longer follow him.
81) In all the places, it is written, “His soul.” But here it writes, “For his soul.” All the souls in the world come from the same river, Yesod de ZA, which stretches and comes out. And that bundle of life, the Nukva, takes all of them. When the Nukva is impregnated by the male, they are all in yearning from both sides, from the craving of the female to the male, and from the craving of the male to the female. And when the craving of the male comes out with great desire, the souls are more alive because everything depends on the craving and the desire of the tree of life, ZA. And since Elijah was from that craving of the male, more than other people, he lived and did not die.
82) This is why it is written, “For his soul,” since “His soul” is female, called Et [“of”]. But El [“for” or “to”] is male. Thus, “For his soul” indicates male only.
And when it is written, “And to the woman,” the female, it is in general, male and female, since when the Nukva is included in the male, it is said, “And to the woman he said.”
“To the woman” means his soul, indicating to a female only, without mingling with the male.
And because Elijah is from the side of the male more than all the other people in the world, he persisted in his existence more than all the people in the world. He did not die like the rest of the people in the world because he is entirely from the tree of life, and not from dust, like the rest of the people. And this is the reason why he departed above and did not die as do all the people in the world, as it is written, “And Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.”
83) It is written, “Behold, there appeared a chariot of fire and horses of fire which separated the two of them, and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.” This is so because then the body was parted from the spirit and departed not as the rest of the people. He remained a holy angel like the rest of the high angels, doing a mission in the world like an angel. In other words, the miracles that the Creator does in the world are done by him.
84) It is written, “And he requested for himself that he might die.” Previously, it wrote, “And went for his soul,” which concerns existence, but here it is written, “That he might die,” which indicates to the tree where there is death, the Nukva, as it is written, “And her legs go down to death.” And there the Creator appeared before him, as it is written, “And He said, ‘Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the Lord.’”
Afterwards it writes, “And after the earthquake a fire … and after the fire a still small voice.” This is the innermost place, from which all the lights come out.
85) “When Elijah heard it … he said, ‘I have been very jealous for the Lord.’” The Creator told him, “How long will you be jealous for Me? You have closed the door so that death will never rule over you, and the world cannot tolerate you being with My children; you accuse them.” He told Him, “For the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant.” He told him, “But wherever people keep the holy covenant,” meaning perform the circumcision, “You will be there.”
86) What did Elijah’s thing cause? It is written, “I will leave … in Israel.” The Creator told him, “Henceforth, the world will not be able to tolerate you with My sons, for you will accuse them, as it is written, ‘And Elisha … you shall anoint as prophet in your place,’ to be another prophet for My sons, and you will depart to your place.”
87) Any person who is jealous for the Creator, the angel of death cannot govern him as it does over the rest of the people, and he will have peace, as it is written in Pinhas, “I give him My covenant of peace.”
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