And the Lord Walks Before Them by Day

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43) “For the Leader upon the morning star. A Psalm of David.” How beloved is the Torah before the Creator. Anyone who engages in the Torah is loved above, loved below, and the Creator listens to his words, does not leave him in this world, and does not leave him to the next world.

44) One should engage in Torah day and night, as it is written, “You shall meditate upon it day and night,” and as it is written, “If My covenant is not with you day and night.” During the day, it is the time of work for all. But at night, the time of rest, why is it necessary to engage in Torah? It is so that there will be a complete name in him. As there is no day without a night, and one is incomplete without the other, the Torah must be with the person day and night, and wholeness will be with man day and night.

Day is ZA and night is the Nukva. When one engages in the Torah day and night, he unites ZA and Nukva, and this is the entire wholeness, as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”

45) Night is primarily from midnight onward. And even though the first half of the night is included in the night, at midnight, the Creator comes to the Garden of Eden to play with the righteous who are there, and then one must rise and engage in Torah.

46) The Creator and all the righteous in the Garden of Eden, all listen to His voice. It is written, “You who sit in the gardens, friends listen to your voice; let me hear it.” “You who sit in the gardens” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut. At night, she praises the Creator with the praise of the Torah. Happy is he who partakes with her in praising the Creator in the praise of the Torah.

47) When the morning comes, the assembly of Israel, Malchut, comes and plays with the Creator, and He gives her the scepter of Hesed [grace/mercy]. But not only to her, but to her and to all those who partake with her. One who engages in Torah at night, the Creator draws to him a thread of Hesed during the day. This is why Malchut is called “The morning star,” for she praises the Creator at night with the praise of the Torah.

48) When the morning should rise, the light darkens and grows black, and the blackness is present. Then a woman clings to her Husband, which is the third watch, when a woman tells with her husband, meaning ZON, to tell with Him, and she comes to His palace.

49) Afterwards, when the sun should set, the night shines and comes and takes the sun. Then, all the gates close, donkeys bray, and dogs bark. When half the night is through, the King begins to rise and the queen, Malchut, begins to sing. The King, ZA, comes and knocks on the palace’s gate and says, “Open for me, my sister, my wife.” And then He plays with the souls of the righteous.

50) Happy is he who has awakened at that time with words of Torah. For this reason, all the children of the queen’s palace must rise at that time and praise the King. All praise before Him and the praise rises from this world, which is far from Him, and this is more favorable to the Creator than anything.

51) When the night departs and the morning comes and dawns, the King and queen are in joy, in Zivug, and He gives her presents, as well as to all the dwellers of the palace. Happy is he who is numbered among the dwellers of the palace.

52) “And the Lord was walking before them … by day.” “And the Lord” refers to the Creator and His courthouse, the Malchut, since the Vav of “And the Lord” adds the Malchut. Divinity journeys with the patriarchs, since “Walking before them … by day” is Abraham, “In a pillar of cloud” is Isaac, “To guide them on the way” is Jacob, and “In a pillar of fire by night to give them light” is King David.

53) And they are all the high, holy Merkava [assembly/chariot]. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are HGT, the three legs of the throne, and King David is the fourth leg, so Israel will go in wholeness of everything and so the fathers will see their redemption. Why did they walk by day and by night, as people on the run? After all, the Creator was keeping them and they were not afraid, so why did they go as escapees? It was so there would be the wholeness of everything in them, since there is wholeness only in day and night. This is so because day is the quality of ZA, and night is the quality of Nukva, and all the wholeness is upon their joining together, as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning one day.”

54) “And the Lord was walking before them in a pillar of cloud by day” is Abraham, Hesed, “And in a pillar of fire by night” is Isaac, Gevura. And where is Jacob, Tifferet? He is said in the first word, and there is where he is, as it is written, “And the Lord,” who is Tifferet and Malchut, and Jacob is Tifferet.

55) “And in a pillar of fire by night to give them light,” to light in the day, in Hesed, and in the night, in Gevura, so that the Egyptians would chase them with their carriages and horsemen, to honor the name of the Creator, so they will drown and not one of them will remain. This is why he needed the quality of Gevura, to walk day and night.

The illuminating mirror, ZA, is day. The mirror that does not illuminate is Malchut, night. Also, to lure the Egyptians into saying that it is chance, and not the Creator who took them out. This is why they walked day and night, as escapees.

56) Happy are Israel, whom the Creator brought out of Egypt to be His lot and His inheritance. From the perspective of the YovelBina, there is freedom for Israel, and in the future, it is written, “On that day, a great horn will be blown.”

57) And because of the Yovel, they were detained fifty years after the exodus from Egypt to receive the Torah and to draw nearer to Mount Sinai. This is so because there are fifty gates in the Yovel, and to be corrected in them, they needed fifty days. And since they were walking by day, they walked by night, as well, so that everything would be one day and there would be no separation between day and night, which are ZON.

58) Moreover, they all walked peacefully and willingly to unite day and night, which are ZON. On the day they received the Torah, there were fifty complete days and nights, as it should be, since there is no day without a night and there is no night without a day. This is so because ZA has no wholeness without the Malchut, and Malchut has no wholeness without ZA.

Also, night and day are called “One day,” as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning, one day.” And since they walked fifty complete days, all those fifty days of the Yovel were on them, being the fifty gates of Bina. And then they were given the Torah from the side of Yovel, and this is why they were walking day and night.

59) “And it came to pass that Isaac was old and his eyes grew too dim to see.” One who loves wickedness, his eyes grow dim. The night, Malchut, was included in Isaac, who is Gevura, and the night is not clear. Hence, “His eyes grew too dim to see.” It is all one because the inclusion of the night in Isaac is the same issue as the love of Isaac for Esau.

60) “And the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled.” Who told him? His wise men and his sorcerers gathered unto him and alerted him that the people had fled. Why did they say that? They saw with their wisdom that Israel were walking by day and by night. They said, “They must be running.” Moreover, they saw that they were not walking in a straight path, as it is written, “Turn back and camp before Pi Hahirot.” They alerted him of that, as well, and this is why he chased them.

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