Evening and Morning and Noon

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61) It is written, “Evening and morning and noon.” These are the times of prayer on each day. The friends explained these three times: Evening is the mirror that does not illuminate, Malchut. Morning is the mirror that illuminates, ZA. Noon is a place called “darkness,” Gevura, gripped to the evening, Malchut. They stand with one another because the left grips to Malchut.

62) Noon is the power of the sun. He chose a nice wording, since this is the custom—that a black man is referred to as white, using a nice wording, and sometimes a white man is referred to as black, as it is written, “For he had married a Cushite [From Cush, black people] woman,” and as it is written, “You are as the sons of Cushites to Me, O children of Israel.”

63) Evening is the evening prayer, since in the evening, the Sitra Achra intervenes, since his light darkens and he governs in the night. This is why they made it optional and there is no set time for the evening prayer, for it corresponds to the internals and the fat that remain of the offerings, which are then eaten on the altar all through the night. From here, several regiments of spirits that emerge and govern in the night are nourished because the outer ones feed on the remains of the offerings.

64) All the carriers of the Sitra Achra of the spirit of Tuma’a do not govern the holy land, and Israel awaken for them to chase them out. It is forbidden to evoke them into staying over the holy land.

65) At night, the smoke of the internals and the fat goes up. It does not go up like smoke of other offerings, for that smoke would rise up straight. Here the smoke would rise up to a certain hole in the north direction, which is the dwelling place of evil spirits. And when the smoke rises and winds its way toward that side, they would all be fed and stand and enter their places, and do not go out of there to rule the world.

66) Over the hole in the north, on that side there is a certain appointee over all the regiments of spirits, whose name is Sangiria. When that smoke winds its way and rises, that appointee and 600,000 thousand other camps all congregate to greet him and to be fed by him. They stand in the hole in the north and enter through a vent called Keri [incident/against], as it is written, “And if you act against Me.” It is also written, “Then I will act with wrathful hostility against you,” meaning with anger that comes out of an opening called Keri.

67) Those who roam at night, if they are not nourished by smoke, then when the souls come out of the opening to be seen above, they come out and slander them, and they cannot rise and be seen above. Excluded are the highest, holy pious, who breach through the firmaments and airs and rise. These camps of spirits go out and inform people with false words, and appear to them in different forms of females. They tease them until they emit semen, and they are called “carriers of Keri” [Keri also means nocturnal emission] for because they come out of an opening that is called Keri, it causes them to be called “carriers of Keri.”

68) When the internals and the fat are eaten on the altar, smoke satiates and nourishes them. According to their merit, so is there food, according to what they deserve. By that, they do not go out and do not roam the holy land.

69) Evening is called that way, as it is written, “A mixed multitude also went up with them,” which is a mixture [Erev means both “evening” and “mixture”]. This is so because all the regiments of spirits mingle in the governance of the night, hence they did not make the evening prayer mandatory, since there is none who can establish it like Jacob, who was the owner of the tabernacle, Malchut, and would establish it properly.

70) And although it is optional, this prayer is to protect us from fear at night from several types of Hell, since at that time the wicked are punished doubly than during the day. For this reason, Israel are early to say “And He is merciful,” for fear of Hell.

On Sabbath, when there is no fear of the Din of Hell or of another Din, it is forbidden to evoke him saying, “And He is merciful” for it seems that there is no permission for the Sabbath to remove the Din from the world.

71) There is also the fear of slandering of the souls when they wish to go up and appear before their Master. For this reason, they are early to say, “Who keeps His people Israel forever, Amen,” for fear of harm-doers that are present at night, who have permission to harm one who leaves his doorstep and goes outside. For this reason, we are early to say, “Guard our leaving and coming.”

72) For fear of all that, we commit the bodies and the spirits and the souls to the upper Malchut, in whose hands is the entire governance. And this is why the evening prayer is every night. Now that there are no offerings and altars, we do all the corrections that are done over the smoke of the offerings.

73) At midnight, when the north wind awakens—meaning the left line, which is then completed—it strikes all those sections of evil spirits, breaks the Sitra Achra, and enters and roams above and below. And all those regiments of spirits enter their places, their powers break, and they do not govern. Then the Creator comes in to play with the righteous in the Garden of Eden.

74) When the morning comes, the candlelight that governs in the night, meaning illumination of the left, is concealed before the daylight, light of Hassadim. Then the morning governs, Yesod, and the governance of the evening, Malchut, passes away. Morning is the first light. It complements the good to all the worlds. From it, the upper and lower are nourished, it waters the garden, Malchut, and it is the keeping of the entire world.

75) One who wishes to set out to the road should rise while it is still night, watch by observing the hour on the east side, and see in a vision the letters that strike the firmament, one going up, the other going down. This is the sparkling of the letters with which the heaven and earth were created.

76) If he knows these letters, meaning the holy name of the 42 letters, and mentions them properly, with the will of the heart, he will see six letters Yod within the illumination of the brightness of the firmament—three to the right and three to the left—and three letters Vav descending and glittering in the firmament. These are the letters of the blessings of the priests, in which there are six letters Yod at the beginning of the words of the verses, “The Lord [HaVaYaH] will bless,” “The Lord will shine,” and “The Lord will lift up,” and the three Vavs of “And keep you,” “And be gracious to you,” and “And give you.” The letters Yod divide into two lines—right and left—and the Vavs are the middle line that unites them. Then he should pray his prayer and set out, for Divinity has certainly greeted him, happy is he.

77) When this morning comes, one pillar, Tifferet, is imbedded on the south side of the expansion of the firmament over the garden, leaning toward Hesed. It is outside the pillar that is imbedded in the middle of the garden. Also, that pillar shines in illumination of three colors, HGT, embroidered together in crimson color. In that pillar, Tifferet, there is a branch, Yesod, and on it, three birds congregate. These are the three lines that shine in Malchut, since Malchut on the part of illumination of Hochma in her is called “a bird,” evoking tweeting for praise.

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