The Tefillin

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651) The evening prayer is mandatory because the Shema reading of the evening is mandatory, since the Creator unites with Malchut at night as He unites during the day. The quality of the night, Malchut, is included in the day, ZA, and the quality of the day is included in the night, creating a single unification. One who says that the evening prayer is optional is because it corresponds to internal organs and fat that are eaten by the altar at night, where it is not mandatory for them to remain burning at night.

652) “And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.” If the right and left are included in the unification, “Hear O Israel,” since the Lord is right and our God is left, why do we need to say afterwards, “And you shall love,” which is right, “And it shall come to pass, if you hear,” which is left? Were they not already included in the unification, “Hear O Israel”? In “Hear O Israel,” they are implied in general. In the verses, “And you shall love,” and “And it shall come to pass, if you hear,” they are in particular.

653) This unification is like the head Tefillin and the hand Tefillin. There are four [Torah] portions in the head Tefillin, and there are three names in “Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord.” There are four portions in the head Tefillin, each to its own, and here there are three names. What is the connection between them?

654) In those four portions, one portion is “Sanctify.” This is the first upper point, Hochma, right line. One portion is “And it shall be when the Lord brings you.” This is the next world, Bina, left line. One portion is “Hear,” the right of the Moach of Daat. And one portion is “And it shall come to pass, if you hear,” the left of the Moach of Daat, since the Daat, the middle line, comprises HB, right and left. These are the head Tefillin.

And here in the unification, “Hear O Israel,” there are three names, which are like those four portions. The first HaVaYaH [the Lord] is the uppermost point, the beginning of everything—Hochma and right line. Elokeinu [Our God] is the next world, Bina and left line. The last HaVaYaH is the whole of the right and left together in one whole, Daat, middle line, comprising right and left—the unification of the head Tefillin, for they are both equal. This is the first unification, “Hear O Israel,” the upper unification, which precedes the lower unification, which is “Blessed be the name of the glory of His kingdom forever and ever.”

655) The hand Tefillin are the whole of all those four portions together, which are not placed in four specific compartments, as in the head Tefillin, but are all in the same box. This is the unification, “Blessed be the name of the glory of His kingdom forever and ever,” the lower unification of the Malchut. In the lower unification there is the whole of the head TefillinHBD de ZA, which were included in the hand Tefillin, the Malchut.

656) That unification, “Bless” is the uppermost point, which is “Bless,” from which all the blessings—Hochma—come. The next world, Bina, is not called “blessed” because the uppermost point is a male, the next world is a female, and is therefore called “blessed” [male form], and she—“blessing” [female form]. For this reason, “Bless” is the high point, Hochma. “Name” is the next world, Bina, a big name, as it is written, “What shall You do to Your great name?” “Glory” is the upper glory, ZA, comprising right and left.

657) HochmaBina, and ZA are included in the hand Tefillin, which is “His kingship,” taking everything within it. All the worlds are included in this “His kingship,” to nourish them and provide for them with all that they need. For this reason, “Forever and ever” indicates that it provides for all the worlds.

658) This is the unification of the head TefillinZA, and of the hand TefillinMalchut. Like the unification of the Tefillin, so is the unification of everything. The unification is set up in four ways: HB, right of Daat and left of Daat. This arrangement is the clearest, and all are the faith, the Malchut that receives them. But the order of the unification of the Tefillin is the upper unification, ZA.

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