Great Is the Lord

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55) “A Song; a Psalm of the sons of Korah.” This song is a praise that is greater than all other praises that the sons of Korah were rewarded with praising Him. “A Song; a Psalm” is a repetition. This indicates praise over praise, a praise divided into two praises.

56) The sons of Korah were rewarded with praising the assembly of Israel, for it is written, “Great is the Lord, and highly to be praised, in the city of our God, His holy mountain.” When is the Creator called “great”? When the assembly of Israel, Malchut, is with Him, as it is written that He is great, “In the city of our God,” meaning He is great with the city of our God, Malchut.

This is so because ZA, which is called HaVaYaH, is always in Hassadim that are covered from HochmaHochma is GAR, called Gadlut. When He extends Hochma for Malchut, called “the assembly of Israel,” He has GAR and He is called, “great.” But without the Malchut, He has no Hochma and He is not great, since Hochma appears only in the Sefira Malchut.

57) Why is it that we should say here, “In the city of our God”? It would have been enough to say, “In the city of His holy mountain.” Indeed, a city that is Malchut is called, “the fear of our God,” and it is the praise of Israel. The writing teaches us that the King without the queen is not a king, he is not great, and he is not praised. Hence, anyone who is not male and female is devoid of any praise and is not considered a man. Moreover, he is unfit to be blessed.

58) It is written, “This man was the greatest of all the sons of the east.” It is written in the book of Rav Hamnuna Saba that Job’s mate was like him in the fear of the Creator, and he was called “great” because of his wife. Here too, “Great is the Lord, and highly to be praised,” in what is He great? “In the city of our God, His holy mountain,” Malchut. The Creator is called “great” from her perspective, since the Hochma is Gadlut [greatness], and does not pour unto ZA unless he is with the Nukva.

59) This is why this praise is mentioned on the second day, because the first three days of the act of creation correspond to the three lines of ZA, and the second day is the left line, from which Hochma extends to Malchut, as it is written, “Let his left hand be under my head.” Why does it not say, “That it was good,” if it is so important that Hochma extends from there? It is because they were destined to part. This means that as long as ZA and Malchut did not part with each other, and Malchut—in whom there is Hochma—was cleaved to ZA and they were both one Partzuf, it was not good, as it is written, “It is not good for the man to be alone.” This is because when he is alone and the Nukva was not yet taken from him, it is written, “It is not good.” This is why it does not write, “That it was good” on the second day.

60) “Great is the Lord, and highly to be praised.” As it was written, He is great only when He is with the Malchut. “Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth” is the praise of the bonding between them, since “Beautiful in elevation” is the Creator, and it is TzadikYesod de ZA. “The joy of the whole earth” is because then it is the joy of all and the assembly of Israel, Malchut, is blessed.

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