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230) “For this is as the waters of Noah unto Me, for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over.” It is written, “The waters of the flood were upon the earth.” It is also written, “Neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of the flood.” But there it writes, “The waters of the flood,” and not, “The waters of Noah,” and here it writes, “The waters of Noah.” And it also writes, “For this is … unto Me.” Should it not have said, “For they are … unto Me”?
231) When there are many righteous in the world, the Creator is glad and is praised by them. When there is a righteous in the world and he is in it, it is as though he casts peace in the world (which is Malchut), and the whole world is blessed through him. And he casts peace in the company above. It is written, “Or else let him take hold of My strength, make peace unto Me, peace let him make unto Me.” Two peaces are written here, “Make peace unto Me,” instilling male and female, ZA and Malchut, and “Peace let him make unto Me,” when the patriarchs, HGT de ZA, are blessed.
232) What is the difference between “Make peace unto Me,” and “Peace let him make unto Me”? When the patriarchs are blessed, meaning HGT, it is said, “Peace let him make unto Me.” This is so because he puts peace before everything, since it is the most important. This is why it writes “peace” first, “Peace let him make unto Me.” “Make peace unto Me” does not put “peace” first here, since first the serpent that is with the Nukva [female]—which is Malchut—must be removed, and then ZA will come to be in his place with the Malchut. This is why he puts “Make” first, making the correction of removing the serpent, and then the peace between ZA and Malchut.
233) When there is a righteous in the world, Dinim do not awaken and do not govern the world, since a righteous man is a sign in the world, meaning Yesod, which is called “a sign,” and the Creator wishes to honor him. Hence, the world exists because of him.
234) When people are guilty before the Creator and that righteous one is in the world, the Creator speaks with him so he will ask for mercy for the world, and He will be appeased toward them. What does the Creator do? He speaks to him of those wicked ones in the world, and tells him that He will do good only to him and will destroy all of them. What is the way of that righteous man? He leaves his own and takes himself to plead for the whole world, so the Creator will be appeased toward them.
235) How do we know this? From Moses. The Creator told him, “Israel have sinned. They have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it.” He also said to him, “Let Me alone, that I may destroy them.” At that time, Moses said, “If because of my honor, Israel will be obliterated from the world, I would rather die, and let it not be said that I left the whole world for my own honor.” Promptly, “And Moses besought the Lord his God” and gave himself to death in several places for Israel. It is written, “But now, if You will, forgive their sin—and if not, please blot me out from Your book.” Moses did not move from there until the Creator forgave Israel, as it is written, “And the Lord repented of the evil which He said He would do unto His people.” It is also written, “And the Lord said, ‘I have pardoned according to your word.’”
236) Concerning Noah, it is written, “And God said unto Noah, ‘The end of all flesh is come before Me.’” Noah told him, “And what will You do to me?” He told him, “But I will establish My covenant with you.” “Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood.” He did not beseech mercy for the world, and the water came down and destroyed the people of the world. This is why it writes, “The waters of Noah,” for they were dependent upon him, since he did not beseech mercy for the world.
237) Hence, the words, “And Noah, man of the earth, began.” “Began” means “He shall not break his word,” for it became secular [in Hebrew: “began” and “break” are the same word here]. He is a man of the earth because all the people were destroyed because of him, for he did not beseech mercy for them. Another interpretation: “Man of the earth” means that the earth existed thanks to him, after the former ones corrupted it, as it is written, “I will never again curse the ground on account of man.”
238) “The waters of Noah” are called so because he caused them to be called after his name by not having prayed for them. But what does “This is … unto Me” mean? The Creator said, “The waters of Noah caused Me to reveal This, meaning Malchut, in the world, appearing as the rainbow, to protect the world.” It is written, “As for Me, this is My covenant with them.”
It is also written, “This is the token of the covenant … I have set My bow in the cloud,” to protect the world. In other words, the rainbow indicates that there is no one to watch over the world and pray for it, but I do for the honor of My name, which is implied in “This.” And who caused this to Me? The waters of Noah, who did not pray and did not protect the world.
239) This is why the sign of a pious righteous is that the rainbow does not appear in his days, since in his days the world has no need for this token because he protects the world with his prayer. And who is he? One who beseeches mercy for the world and is worthy of protecting it, such as Rabbi Shimon, in whose days the world did not need this token, since that token is a sign in the world that there is no protector but the Creator.
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