And the Eyes of Israel Were Dimmed with Age

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100) “And the eyes of Israel were dimmed with age.” This is Israel below. And this is the reason why you do not find such as this verse in the whole of the Torah. This is so because when Israel are in exile all the days of this ruin, we have grown old and could not see the face of Divinity, until another spirit comes within them.

101) Prior to that, they were defiled in the land of the nations, in their exile, and did not follow the laws of the Torah as they should have. They sat among the foreigners for a long time, generation after generation, and learned from their ways, as it is written, “And they mingled with the nations and learned their conducts.” When they returned to their land, in the beginning they could not see the face of Divinity until the Creator placed His spirit within them.

102) It is written about it, “And I will put My spirit within you.” Afterwards, “And [I will] cause you to walk in My statutes, and you shall keep My ordinances, and do them,” since after I place My holy spirit within you, you will walk in my statutes and walk in them.

103) “In the light of a king’s face is life, and his favor is like a cloud with the spring rain.” This is so because when they accept the face of the Divinity of the Creator and engage in those Merkavot [chariots/assemblies] from which the animals of the world come, the animals that carry the Merkava [singular of Merkavot], as written in Ezekiel, it will be said about them, “In the light of a king’s face is life.”

104) You will not find in these verses—from the portion, “Jacob Lived” and thus far—that they speak of the Creator. Even though they are concerned with redemption, when it writes, “Jacob,” it refers to the upper Jacob or the upper Israel, the Creator. Why does the text speak in a language and in names of people?

It is so because when they return to their land and the Creator gives them the spirit of Hochma [wisdom], their language will always be about the Creator, as it is written, “My tongue also will utter Your righteousness all day long.” This is so because the verses thus far speak of the coming to the land, before the Creator placed the spirit of Hochma in them. This is why they speak in names of people and the Creator’s name is not mentioned explicitly.

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