Whom God Has Given Me by This

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91) “Joseph said to his father, ‘They are my sons, whom God has given me by this.’” Israel below, who are called “Joseph,” will say—when the upper Israel is atop them from above—“They are my sons.” “The Creator has given me the Torah,” which is called “This,” and this is why it is written “By this.” “How many are they” relates to Israel and their real laws in the laws of the Torah that was given to them.

When Israel are under the wings of Divinity, the Torah is called “This,” as it is written, “This is my God, and I will glorify Him.” “Whom God has given me by this” is the Torah. Each time David did not speak under the wings of Divinity, but prophesied what was to be, the Torah is called “This,” as it is written, “This is the law [Torah] which Moses set before the children of Israel.”

Sometimes the Torah is called “this” [in male form] and sometimes it is called “this” [in female form]. The difference between them is that male means active and bestowing, and female implies receiving of the act, while not performing any act of her own. It is written about it, “Ester was the ground of the world.”

When is it called “this” [in male form] and when is it called “this” [in female form]? When Israel are under the wings of Divinity in exile, when they take shelter under the wings of Divinity, they are called “keepers of the Torah,” for they act and make the Torah. At that time, the Torah is considered a male, active, hence it is called “this” [in male form]. And whenever David did not speak from under the wings of Divinity, but prophesied what was to be, the Torah is called “this” [in female form].

During the revelation of the Torah and the disclosure of all the secrets in it, the Torah is considered female because then only the reward in it is revealed and there is no action in it. It is like the ground of the world, and for this reason, at that time it is called “this” [in female form], as it is written, “This is the law [Torah].”

92) From this we learn the difference between “this” [in male form] and “this” [in female form] when it is written, “If a host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear; if war should arise against me, in this [female] I trust.” “This” [female] is the Torah that will be when the Messiah comes, when the Torah is revealed. This is why it is written, “And the voice of the Tor [turtledove] is heard in our land.” It writes Tor, in male form, and not Torah [in female form], as it usually does. Tor is the name of the dove, as it is written, “Turtledoves or young pigeons.”

Also, the Torah is compared to a dove because the dove has a pleasant voice and the Torah has a pleasant voice, as well. And this voice will be when the Messiah comes on judgment day, prior to the redemption. At that time, the Messiah will execute judgments and wars on the nations that enslave Israel. But because it is still not the time for disclosure of the Torah, she is called Tor, in male form, and she is called “this” [male form].

93) “’The flower buds have appeared in the land; the time of singing has arrived, and the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land.” “The flower buds” are the patriarchs from the Merkava [assembly/chariot]—Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—who will rise in the world and will appear in the land.

94) “The time of singing has arrived” is the song that the Levites will sing when they return to their work as in the beginning. “And the voice of the turtledove” is the voice of Torah in male form, which is called “this” [male], of which it is written, “Whom God has given me by this.” These are the words of Torah, which are as pleasant as the voice of the turtledove, who is “this” [male].

95) When Israel do not take shelter under the wings of Divinity, the Aleph of “this” [female] descends below all the degrees and the Hey of “This is my God” departs. This is so because once the house has been ruined, the Hey could not be among the idol-worshipping nations. Thus, the holy Hey was separated from the name. When Israel return to their land, the holy Hey will return to “this” and will depart from the judgment day, and the Aleph will receive her correction and will return to “this” [female].

Which is more important, the Hey or the Aleph? The Hey is more important in regards to Kedusha [holiness], and the Aleph is more important in regards to the letters.

96) “Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, and established the heavens with the span [the little finger].” This is equal Tors, which unite. The Zayin of Zeh [“this” in Hebrew] joins the Reish of Tor, and the Reish of Tor joins the Tav of Tor, and the combination Zeret [little finger] results from it. The Vav of Tor joins the Hey of Zeh, making VavHey of the name HaVaYaH, which are ZA and Nukva.

The span [little finger] of the Creator is in 670 years, from heaven, ZA, to earth, which is Nukva. How so? Because this Tor has two combinations: 1) Zeret [ZayinReishTavVavHey; 2) HeyVav Terez [TavReishZayin]. This means that the Hey of Zeh advanced toward the Vav of Tor, and the advancement of the Hey implies to Bina, who gives to ZAVavVav advances toward the Tav of TorTav to Reish of Tor, and Reish to Zayin of Zeh.

In other words, the combination of the two HeyVav Terez is 670 years from heaven to earth, meaning the level of the light that is imparted from heaven, ZA, to earth, the Nukva. It indicates that it lacks thirty for the seventh century, which is the missing GAR in this level. And even though there are only 607 here, the seven is multiplied by ten, and they are 670.

By that, he tells us that two combinations arise out of the names Zeh and Tor, which are equal as one: 1) VavHey ZeretZA, is the heaven itself; 2) HeyVav TerezZA, is the level of bestowal upon the Nukva. It was written, “It shall be square and folded double, a span [little finger] in length and a span in width.” “A span in length” is the level of bestowal of ZA, 670, which is Zeret in Gematria. “And a span in width” is ZA himself.

97) “And he said, ‘Bring them to me, please, and I will bless them.’” Because the sons engage in words of Torah, as Joseph said, “Whom God has given me by this,” this is the Torah, and there is a measure of “this” [male form] between them, “And I will bless them.”

98) It is written, “‘What is your name?’ And he said, ‘Jacob.’” The name Jacob implies Katnut and contentment with being without Mochin. Afterwards, it is written, “And Jacob asked him and said … ‘Why do you ask for my name?’” A name implies attainment. In regards to that other matter—that you said your name was Jacob—it means that you settle for Katnut and do not seek attainment and knowing the Creator. “And Jacob asked him and said … ‘Why do you ask for my name?’ And he blessed him there.” This means that he told him that he is not destined to bless them but only thanks to “this” [male form].

99) The Torah is called “this” [male form]. It is written, “This Sinai, at the presence of the Lord, God of Israel.” Sinai is the Torah that was given at Sinai. Also, when the Torah was given through Moses, it was said about him, “For this is Moses, the man.” It is also written, “This is my God, and I will glorify Him,” which means that the Torah, called “this” [male form], was coming down from before the God of Israel, and then they said, “This is my God.”

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