And Moses Assembled

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1) It is written about Amalek, “I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he set himself against him in the way, when he came up out of Egypt.” What is the reason that all the wars that the nations had with Israel were not as hard for the Creator as this war, which Amalek had with them? Indeed, the war of Amalek was on all the sides, above and below, since at that time the evil serpent greatly strengthened above and below in this world.

2) As the evil serpent lurks on the crossroads, Amalek was also an evil serpent for Israel, lurking for them on a crossroads, as it is written, “How he set himself against him in the way, when he came up out of Egypt.” He was lurking above, too, to defile the Temple, Malchut, and lurking below to defile Israel, as it is written, “Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came out of Egypt; how he met you on the way.”

3) This is why it is written about Balaam, “And God met Balaam.” Vayikar [“met”] implies Tuma’a [impurity], from the words Mikreh Laila [nocturnal ejaculation]. But is God not sanctity? Rather, the Creator brought him the place of Tuma’a to be defiled in it, in that degree to which he clung, to be defiled in it, while Balaam contemplated rising up to Kedusha [sanctity] through those offerings that he sacrificed. Promptly, the Creator brought him a place of Tuma’a. He told him, “The Tuma’a is for you, as befits you.” This is why it is written, “And God met Balaam.”

4) Likewise, It is written, “He met you on the way.” It means that He brought you that evil serpent above to defile you on all the sides. And were Moses not strengthened above and Joshua below, Israel would not prevail over it. This is why the Creator bore that hatred for all generations, since he contemplated uprooting the covenant from its place. This is why it is written, “I remember,” meaning remembrance, which is Malchut, since there the token of the holy covenant is implied.

5) It is written, “And Saul said to the Kenites, ‘Go, depart, go down from among the Amalekites.” The Kenites is Jethro. But who let the sons of Jethro dwell in Amalek? Were they not in Jericho? It is written, “And the children of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up from the city of palm-trees with the sons of Judah into the Judah desert.” When they went up from there, they were in the territory of Amalek until that time when King Saul came, as it is written, “So the Kenites departed from Amalek.”

6) It is so because when there are wicked, those pious and righteous among them are caught in their iniquity. This is why Saul removed the Kenites from Amalek. Similarly, were it not for the mixed multitude that joined Israel, Israel would not be punished for the sin with the golden calf.

7) It is written, “And they will take a donation for Me from every man whose heart moves him.” This includes everyone, even the mixed multitude, since the Creator wished to perform the work of the tabernacle on all the sides, in Moach and in Klipa. And because there was the mixed multitude among them, it is written, “From every man whose heart moves him,” including them in Israel, who are the Moach [brain], and all came to partake in the tabernacle.

8) Afterwards, each kind went to its kind and the mixed multitude came, they made the calf, and all those who were dead from Israel went after them. They caused Israel death and killing. The Creator said, “Henceforth, the work of the tabernacle will be only from the side of Israel.” Promptly, it is written, “And Moses assembled all the congregation of the children of Israel.” And afterwards it is written, “Take from among you a donation to the Lord.” “From among you,” and not as it is written before, “From every man whose heart moves him.” “And Moses assembled.” From which place did he assemble them? Because the mixed multitude were among them, Moses had to assemble them, to unify them from among them.

9) “Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little ones.” As it is the whole of Israel afterwards, so here it is the whole of Israel. And who are those? 600,000.

10) When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, it is written, “And Joshua heard the sound of the people as they shouted. He said to Moses, ‘There is a sound of war in the camp.’” Did Joshua hear and Moses did not hear? Until now, Joshua did not know and Moses knew. This is why it is written, “And Joshua heard.” Raoh [As they shouted] is written with the letter Hey because that sound was in the Sitra Achra, who is called Raah [evil/bad], and Joshua, who was the face of the moon, Malchut, looked in the sound, which was from the side of the evil. It is promptly written, “He said to Moses, ‘There is a sound of war in the camp.’”

11) The first two stone tablets that were heavy on Moses’ hands fell and broke because the letters departed from the stone tablets and the stones remained with the spirit of the letters, and hence grew heavy.

12) A voice awakens in the four directions of the world during the four seasons of the year, HG TM. The time of Nissan is south and Hesed. The time of Tishrey is north and Gevura. The time of Tamuz is east and Tifferet, and the time of Tevet is west and Malchut. Also, each is comprised of all.

In that sound, the awakening of the Sitra Achra awakens, and that awakening of the Sitra Achra enters between the sounds, between the sound of Tifferet and the sound of Malchut. The darkness of the light is in the voice below, Malchut, and because the light of the voice above, from Tifferet, does not reach the voice below, Malchut, the awakening of the Sitra Achra comes first, and the serpent—who seduced the woman, Eve—enters between Tifferet and Malchut and takes light. That voice of the Sitra Achra is a sound of war, the sound of evil. This is “As they shouted,” as it is written, “And Joshua heard the sound of the people as they shouted.”

13) This is why Joshua heard and not Moses, since this evil took the light of the moon, Malchut, to which Joshua was clinging, while Moses, who clung to the sun, ZA, did not hear. And the light of the whole of Israel darkened because of that evil that clung to them. When the Creator pardoned their iniquity, it is written, “And Moses assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and said to them: ‘These are the things that the Lord has commanded you to do,’” for that mixed multitude has departed from them.

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