His Heart Was Merry

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456) “Boaz ate and drank, and his heart was merry.” “His heart was merry” means that he blessed for his food. One who blesses for his feed does good to his heart. He is as it is written, “To you my heart says.” It is also written, “The rock of my heart,” which means Malchut, who is called “heart.”

457) Because the Creator favors the blessing for the food, anyone who blesses for satiation benefits and delights another place, Malchut. Similarly, on Sabbath meals, another place—Malchut—enjoys the blessing for that satiation and the joy. And here, Malchut enjoys the blessing for that satiation of the righteous Boaz. This is the meaning of what is written, “And his heart was merry.”

458) Malchut enjoys the blessing for the food because man’s food, which is the place of Malchut, is hard before the Creator. And once a man has eaten and drank, and blesses the blessing for the food, that blessing rises, and Malchut enjoys those words that are said about the satiation that rises. It follows that that man enjoys the food below, and Malchut—above.

459) On weekdays, that place enjoys only those words that rise out of satiation, the blessing for the food, and all the words are crowned, satiated and satisfied in delight, and that place enjoys them. On Sabbath, it is a different matter. Malchut enjoys the actual food and that joy of the food of the Mitzvot of the Sabbath, and the food itself is completely included, above and below, as it is written, “For all things come from You, and from Your hand we have given You.” That is, Malchut enjoys that delight of man, and in that delight in the food of the Mitzvot of the Sabbath.

460) One who blesses the Creator out of satiation should aim his heart to place his will in joy, and to not be sad. Rather, he should bless with joy and place his will, which he now gives to another with joy and with a kind eye. As one who blesses with joy and with a kind eye, so will he be given with joy and with a kind eye. And therefore, he will not be sad at all, but in joy and in words of Torah, and he will place his heart and mind on blessing where needed—Malchut.

461) Four Merkavot govern the four directions of Malchut. The camps of angels are nourished by the blessing over the satiation, and in the words, “Blessed are You,” in the blessing for the food, the Malchut enjoys, grows, and is crowned in him. And he who blesses, the will should be in joy and in a kind eye. This is why it is written, “He who has a kind eye will be blessed.”

462) “He who has a kind eye will be blessed” because he gives of his bread to the poor. If the beginning of the text does not discuss the blessing for the food, the beginning of the text is not its end, and its end is not its beginning. That is, they are unrelated. Rather, one who has a kind eye blesses with a kind eye, with joy, and it is with good reason that he blesses with joy, for out of those blessing and joy, he gives of his bread to the poor. That is, the place that should be nourished on all the sides, from the right and from the left, a place that has nothing of its own, a place that enjoys all the sides and is included from all the sides, Malchut. This is why she is called “poor,” and it is written about her, “For he gives of his bread to the poor.” These words are given only to the wise who know the upper secrets and the ways of the Torah.

463) Boaz had a kind eye. There was never any insolence in him. It is written, “He went to lie down at the end of the heap,” as it is written, “Your belly is a heap of wheat,” said about Malchut. Here, too, at the end of the heap, is Malchut. Anyone who blesses the blessing for the food properly, with joy, with the will of the heart, when he rises from this world, a place is set up for him inside the upper secrets in the holy palaces of Malchut, who is called “a heap.” This is what the text implies, “He went to lie down,” once he passed away from the world, at the end of the heap, Malchut.

Happy is a man who keeps the Mitzvot of his Master, who knows their secrets. We have no Mitzva in the Torah on which high secrets, lights, and sublime splendors do not hang. But people do not know and do not consider the glory of their Master. Happy are the righteous, who engage in the Torah. Happy are they in this world and in the next.

464) All those insolent ones who have no shame have no part in this world or in the next world. When all those insolent ones who were in Israel looked at that ornament, their hearts would break and they would look at their deeds. This is because the ornament stood on a token with the engraving, “Sanctified to the Creator,” and anyone who looked at it was ashamed of his actions. This is why the ornament atones for the insolent and impudent.

465) The letters of the holy name that were engraved on the ornament would illuminate with a bold and sparkling light. The face of anyone who looked at that sparkling of the letters would fall with fear and his heart would break. Then the ornament atones for them, such as this matter, since it caused him to break his heart and yield before his Master.

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