HaVaYaH Punctuated as Elokim

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157) The name Elokim is Din everywhere. As for the name HaVaYaH, there is a place in which it is called Elokim, such as ADNI [God/the Almighty] HaVaYaH [the Lord]. That is the name HaVaYaH punctuated with the punctuation of Elokim. Why is He called Elokim if the letters of HaVaYaH are Rachamim in every place?

158) It is written, “And you shall know this day and take it to your heart that the Lord, He is the God.” It is also written, “And all the people saw it and fell on their faces, and said, ‘The Lord, He is God.’” Where there is Din, there are Rachamim. Sometimes where there are Rachamim, there is Din. This is why it is written, HaVaYaH is the Elokim [the Lord, He is God], since HaVaYaH is Rachamim in every place, and when the wicked turn the Rachamim to Din, it is written HaVaYaH, and it is read, Elokim.

159) There are three degrees, and each is on its own, although it is all one and they connect as one and do not part from one another. All the plantings, the Sefirot, and all the candles, the Sefirot of Malchut, called “lights of fire,” all light and blaze, and are watered and blessed by the same river, Bina, which extends and emerges, and everything is included in it, for all the Mochin come from it, and everything is included in it.

160) That river is called “The mother of the God of the garden,” the God of MalchutBina is called “mother,” as it is written, “If you should call for understanding” [in Hebrew, “if” and “mother” have the same letters, and “understanding” means Bina]. The river is above the garden. She is called “mother” because Eden, Hochma, joins with her and does not part from her. Because of it, all the fountains of the Mochin emerge and extend from her, and water every side—right and left—opening doors in her. For this reason, the Rachamim come from her, the middle line, and the Rachamim open in her, since the beginning of the opening of the middle line to subdue and unite the right and the left, which is the wholeness of everyone, begins in Bina.

161) Because Bina is called “mother,” she is Nukva and Gevura, and Din emerges from her. For this reason, she is called Rachamim in and of herself, in regard to her essence. But Dinim awaken from her side, hence the name of Bina is written with Rachamim, with the letters of HaVaYaH, which indicates Rachamim, and is punctuated in Din, where her four letters HaVaYaH are punctuated like the punctuation in the name Elokim. Thus, the letters of the name, which are in Rachamim, and Dinim extend from her side, implied in the punctuation of the name, such as YodHeyVavHey []. This is one degree.

HB are called AVI everywhere, since Malchut, from whom the worlds were created, is in herself unfit to receive the upper light, since Tzimtzum Aleph and the Masach are on her so she does not receive the upper light. To sustain the worlds so they can receive the upper light, Bina raised Malchut to her, by which Bina received into her the Dinim of Malchut, and the GAR departed from her. For this reason, Malchut in Bina received the Kelim and the Katnut of Bina.

Subsequently, when Malchut descended from Bina and the GAR returned to BinaMalchut received the Mochin de GAR of Bina, and all the worlds receive from Malchut. It follows that Bina received Malchut and her Dinim into her, and diminished herself so that Malchut would be able to receive Mochin and subsistence. The ascent of Malchut for reception of Mochin from Bina is regarded as Ibur [conception] and birth. This is why Bina became like a mother to Malchut, and Malchut is her daughter. And because HB are in Zivug and there is no Bina without Hochma, it is regarded that Hochma, too, is Malchut’s father.

That river is called “the mother of the God of the garden.” Bina, who is called a “river,” became the mother of Malchut. Due to Malchut’s ascent to Bina, three lines emerged in Bina, three points—HolamShurukHirik. These are three sowings, three DinimHolam is the right line; Shuruk is the left line; and Hirik is the middle line. For this reason, all the fountains, the roots of the Mochin, emerge and extend from her, and water every side—the right line and the left line. For this reason Rachamim come from her, which is the middle line. Thus, three forms of Dinim were made in Bina from the three lines, and all that happened to her because she raised Malchut into her, for in and of herself, she desires mercy, without any Din.

Because Bina is called “mother,” who raised Malchut into her, she is Nukva and Gevura, and Din emerges from her. And because Malchut is NukvaBina, too, became Nukva. And because Malchut is GevuraBina, too, became regarded as GevuraDinim emerge from her, and three sowings were made in her, of HolamShuruk, and Hirik, from which Dinim emerge.

This is why she is called Rachamim in and of herself, in her essence, for in herself she is all Rachamim without any Din, since she desires mercy. But Dinim awaken from her side because she received Malchut into her. This is why the name of Bina is written with Rachamim, the letters, HaVaYaH, indicating her essence, which is Rachamim, but it is punctuated with Din, indicating the Dinim in her due to the connection with Malchut. For this reason she is punctuated as the name that is in Malchut, which is ElokimHataf, Segol under the YodHolam on the Hey, and Hirik under the Vav.

162) A second degree, from the side of the first degree, Bina, comes out, and another degree awakens, called Gevura, the left line of ZA, called Elokim, and only in punctuation, like Bina, but in those very letters. It is the beginning of Hesed de ZA, since Gevura extends from there, and it is included in it because the left line of ZA is included in the right line of ZA, which is Hesed. And because it unites with Hesed, it is written, HaVaYaH is Elokim [the Lord, He is God]. It is so because HaVaYaHHesed, is the ElokimGevura. And here, not only in the punctuation of Elokim, as in Bina, but included in the letters of Elokim, and they are one because they are included in one another.

163) A third degree is Tzedek [justice], Malchut, the last Sefira, the courthouse of the king, ZA. The name ADNI is written so and is read so. But the name of ZA is written as HaVaYaH and is read as ADNI. The Assembly of Israel, Malchut, is called by the name ADNI, and that name is completed in Malchut.

These are three degrees called by names of Din. The degree of Bina is called HaVaYaH punctuated as Elokim. The degree of Gevura is also called by the letters of Elokim. The degree of Malchut is called ADNI. The three names are Din because it concerns the left line, Din, whose root is Bina. This is why it is implied only in the punctuation of Elokim.

From her, it extends to the left line of ZA, where it is in actual reality, but is included in the right. For this reason it is Elokim in letters, too. From him it extends to Malchut, who is built entirely from the left line. This is why she is called ADNI, the explicit letters of Din. They all connect to one another without separation.

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