The Holy Name Is Engraved in Certain Manners

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384) The holy name is engraved in twenty-two engraved letters: Yod in AlephAleph in YodYod in BetBet in YodYod in DaletDalet in YodYod in HeyYod in GimelHey in YodGimel in Yod, and Vav in Yod. Also, they are all engraved in Yod, and Yod elevates all twenty-two letters.

Yod implies Hochma, which is the root of all twenty-two letters. It is so because when beginning to write any letter we first make a dot, which is a Yod, and then continue with the writing of the letter. This is the meaning of the verse, “You have made them all with wisdom [Hochma].” Also, the holy name, HaVaYaH, begins with Yod, as well, which is Hochma.

The Zohar interprets how the twenty-two letters are included in the holy name, HaVaYaH. First, the letter Yod of the name HaVaYaH is included in all twenty-two letters, as it is their root. Yod in Aleph means that the Yod illuminates to the letter AlephAleph in Yod means that afterward Aleph rises and is included in the Yod. It is likewise with all the letters: Yod in Bet and Bet in YodYod in Gimel and Gimel in YodYod in Dalet and Dalet in YodYod in Hey and Hey in Yod, and Yod in Vav. In this way, all the letters are engraved in Yod, where the Yod illuminates for them and then the Yod elevates all twenty-two letters, which rise to the Yod and become included in it. It follows that the Yod of the name HaVaYaH includes all twenty-two letters.

385) The Hey de HaVaYaHBina, consists of Yod de HaVaYaH from the Hitkalelut [mingling] of the twenty-two letters in Yod. It emerges from it because Bina is emanated from the Hochma. At that time the HBYodHey de HaVaYaH, crown the patriarchs, HGT de ZA, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Hey opens in her streams, in the fifty gates of Bina in her, crowning the Rosh of Vav, meaning bestowing GAR to ZA, who is Vav de HaVaYaH, where the patriarchs are present. The patriarchs, HGT, rise and become RoshHBD, through the illumination of the fifty gates of Bina.

386) The bottom Hey de HaVaYaHMalchut, extends from all twenty-two letters in the Yod de HaVaYaHVav consists of six letters, Aleph through Vav, which precede it. The Yod comprises all of them because Yod comprises all nine letters that precede it, where Vav and its six letters are included in it, and it is the Yod on the Vav. That Yod was engraved in its engravings with the Hitkalelut of the nine letters that precede it. It ascends to Yod de HaVaYaH, which includes all twenty-two letters, to crown in the twelve other letters from Yod to Tav.

At that time, it, too, consists of twenty-two letters, like Yod de HaVaYaH. And then ten Sefirot emerge from it, in their engravings, as well as all the paths of the upper path, the most respected, the thirty-two paths of wisdom that appear from Yesod de YESHSUT, called “path.” At that time the bottom Hey de HaVaYaHMalchut, is included with everyone, receiving from all the lights and engraved with Yesod de ZA, to beget souls.

387) All the lights in the Yod on the Vav, which is GAR de ZA, were engraved in forty-two letters, since Keter de ZA is four letters HaVaYaHHochma de ZA is ten letters de HaVaYaH in its fullness: YodVavDalet HeyAleph VavAlephVav HeyAlephBina de ZA is twenty-eight letters of the filling of the filling: YodVavDalet VavAlephVav DaletLamedTav HeyAleph AlephLamedPehVavAlephVav AlephLamedPeh VavAlephVavHeyAleph AlephLamedPeh. Together they are forty-two letters, all of which rise to the Rosh of the king, in GAR de ZA.

388) Seven complete Sabbaths are the seven Sefirot of Malchut when they are in wholeness, interpreted in the seventy letters of the name AB. Essentially, they are seventy, and the two additional ones. Seventy-two rose in the letter Vav, in HGT de ZA, inscribed in the portion, BeShalach [When Pharaoh Sent], in the verses, “And went,” “And came,” “And pitched.”

And when the Shechina receives from ZA and seven inscriptions are inscribed in her from Him, seven complete Sefirot, then seventy rise up from her in inscribed letters of the name AB. The letters of the name AB rose in certain inscriptions and concealed ways, revealed only to the true righteous, the pillars of the world.

389) All twenty-two letters engraved in the Torah are clarified in ten utterances, which are the ten Sefirot KHB HGT NHYM. Each saying of those ten, which are the Sefirot of the king, is engraved in certain letters, since the letters are the Kelim of the Sefirot, and each Sefira has its own unique Kelim.

For this reason, the holy name, HaVaYaH, is covered with other letters, ADNI, since the Kelim de ZA, who is HaVaYaH, are clothed and covered with the Kelim of Malchut, who is ADNI. Each utterance lends letters to the utterance above it because they are included in one another. For this reason, we pronounce the holy name, HaVaYaH, with other letters, ADNI, since they are covered and clothe in one another until they are all connected together.

The middle line in each Sefira is from the ascent of the lower one to the upper one, since each Sefira consists of ten Sefirot. At the time of Katnut, her Bina and TM fall to the bottom Sefira, so at the time of Gadlut, when Bina and TM return to the Sefira, they take the bottom Sefira with them, as well, and raise it to the upper Sefira. At that time the KH in the Sefira become the right line, Bina and TM become the left line, and the bottom Sefira that rose to them becomes the middle line.

This order is in each and every Sefira. It follows that each utterance lends letters for the utterance above it, that each Sefira borrows Kelim from a lower Sefira in order to complete the middle line in it. They are included in one another because Bina and TM of each upper one fell and were in the lower Sefira during Katnut and mingled with it. Therefore, at the time of Gadlut, when Bina and TM return to their degree, they take the lower one with them and raise it to their degree, by which each lower one is included in the upper one and becomes the middle line there.

And for the same reason, when each lower Sefira returns and descends to her place, she takes with her the Mochin of the upper one to her place, as well as part of the Kelim de Bina and TM of the upper one, since the lower one was included in her when she was in the upper one. They became her Kelim for clothing of Mochin, which are NHY of the upper one that clothe in the lower one.

For this reason, we pronounce the holy name HaVaYaH with different letters, ADNI, since they are covered and clothed in one another. Each NHY of the upper one is covered and clothed in the lower one, by which everyone connects together where each Sefira connects to another, each upper to the lower, and each lower to the upper. Hence, the name HaVaYaHZA, clothes and is covered with the name ADNIMalchut at the bottom degree.

390) One who wishes to know and understand the combinations of the holy names must know those inscribed letters in each Sefira, and then he will know and be in everything. And we have written them in all those inscribed and known letters in each Sefira from the high book of Solomon. So it has come to us, and the friends wrote them, since each Sefira lends letters to the others, and we must know and remember them. Sometimes we need to know only the letters inscribed in the Sefira, and not the letters that lend to one another, and it is all known to the friends.

391) Happy are the righteous in this world and in the next world, whose honor the Creator desires. He reveals to them high secrets of His holy name, which He did not reveal to the holy angels. This is why Moses could be crowned among the holy angels and none of them could approach him as burning fire or cinders, since he mentioned the holy names that the angels did not know. Were it not so, what would Moses have that he could stand among them? But happy is Moses because when the Creator began to speak with him, he wanted to know His holy name, the concealed and the revealed, each according to what befits him, and then he adhered and knew more than all the people of the world.

392) When Moses went up in the cloud, he entered among the holy angels. An angel, whose name was Kamuel, with a flame of fire, blazing eyes, and burning wings encountered him and wanted to swallow him into him. Then Moses mentioned one holy name that was engraved in twelve letters, and was shaken and excited. Finally, Moses rose between them. So it was for each and everyone, happy is he.

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