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581) Rabbi Shimon said, “Moses, this is your Hod, in which you are desolate because of your prophecy on the left. You are as it is written, “leading to the right of Moses,” to Netzah, which is the head of the dawns, since NH are called “two dawns” because the Sitra Achra grips both of them,” and Netzah is the head of the dawns, and from his perspective, Malchut is called “a loving deer.” For this reason, David began, “For the leader on the morning star [also deer],” for those who win the wars will come in Netzah [Netzah comes from the word Nitzahon (victory)], as it is possible to win the war with the Sitra Achra only through the Sefira of Netzah.
And because NH are two dawns, we learn in the Mishnah, “from when does one read the Shema at dawn?” And it was not said, “at dawn,” but “at dawns,” two of them, referring to NH, who illuminate to Nukva in the first two hours of the morning, and who are called “dawns.”
582) Two Messiahs that come from two Malchuts will awaken to NH. The Messiah son of David corresponding to Netzah is tied in Abraham’s morning, Hesed. Since from Netzah de ZA extends Hesed to Malchut, as it is written, “In Your right hand, bliss for evermore.” Hod is tied to Gevura, for the Messiah son of Ephraim is tied to Hod. From Hod de ZA, the Gevura is drawn to Malchut. You, Moses, are in the middle because your degree, Tifferet, the middle pillar is connected to you, and the foundation that lives forever is on your degree. This is why he is the middle line between the two Messiahs, corresponding to NH, since Yesod is the middle line of NH.
Hochma is on the right; one who wishes to grow wise will go south. Bina is to the left; one who wishes to grow rich will go north. It follows that Hochma, Hesed, Netzah on the right, the Messiah son of David receives from Netzah de ZA. Messiah son of Ephraim receives Bina, Gevura, and Hod from Hod de ZA. Moses is in the middle of them, illuminating for them Daat, Tifferet, Yesod, which unites the two Messiahs with each other.
583) Malchut is a rainbow with you, since Malchut receives from Moses the three colors of the rainbow, three lines. The rainbow is the clothing of the Shechina, and the clothing of the righteous, Yesod, called “the covenant of the rainbow.” It is a token of the Sabbath, the token of a good day, the token of Tefillin, the token of the circumcision. The Creator said, “He who is not inscribed in this token will not enter this mirror, in this room,” in Malchut.
Malchut is the staff. That is, the middle pillar, ZA, leans with her toward Hesed, the right line [Mateh means both “staff” and “leaning”]. It is for the complete righteous, to give them merits in the eighteen blessings of the prayer. And it leans toward fault, the left line, toward wicked, to judge them with Gevura, for judgment, according to their deeds. With the middle line he is patient toward intermediate. This is the Shin, in which there are three heads, corresponding to those three lines .
584) The three colors of the rainbow are white, red, and green, three lines. They are the token of the covenant, Yesod. The rainbow herself is an only daughter, the Sabbath queen, Malchut, who receives the three colors of the rainbow from Yesod. Malchut has six degrees under her governance: HGT NHY of Matat. These are the six workdays included in Matat. It is written about them, “Six days shall you work your works.” But the only daughter, Malchut de ZA, is a Sabbath to HaVaYaH; one who performs work in her will be put to death.
585) HaVaYaH is read with the letter Hey, which complements the name HaVaYaH. ZA is Yod–Hey–Vav, and the bottom Hey is Malchut. To the right of Yod–Hey–Vav, the Hey is his perfection. Thus, on each side of VAK de ZA, the letter Hey is his perfection.
There are six combinations of Yod–Hey–Vav in VAK de ZA: Yod–Hey–Vav Hey–Vav–Yod Vav–Yod–Hey Yod–Vav–Hey Hey–Yod–Vav Vav–Hey–Yod, which are eighteen letters included in the righteous one who lives forever, Yesod. Malchut is a quarter of a hin on each side, meaning that Malchut is the fourth letter, the bottom Hey in any combination of the six combinations. This is why she is called “a quarter of a hin,” since she is the fourth letter. The hin is because she is the letter Hey.
586) Malchut is the letter Hey with a filling of Aleph [Hey–Aleph], with respect to the explicit name, Yod–Vav–Dalet Hey–Aleph Vav–Aleph–Vav. Yod–Vav–Dalet is in Hesed, Hey–Aleph is in Gevura, Vav–Aleph–Vav is in Tifferet. The last Hey [Hey–Aleph] is in Malchut. When that Tet–Lamed  governs, Yod–Vav–Dalet Hey–Aleph Vav–Aleph–Vav, which is Tet–Lamed in Gematria (39), the sages forbade four works minus one. They are called the patriarch works, since they correspond to the patriarchs who govern them. That is, HGT are called patriarchs, since Yod–Vav–Dalet Hey–Aleph Vav–Aleph–Vav are HGT, which are thirty-nine in Gematria, forty minus one.
587) By these forty-minus-one works that are customary on weekdays, ten smites have smitten Adam, and ten to Eve, ten to the serpent, and nine to the earth, thirty-nine curses. And because the thirty-nine, Yod–Vav–Dalet Hey–Aleph Vav–Aleph–Vav, govern on Sabbath, which is Hey–Aleph, they are not smitten on Sabbath, since that thirty-nine is not as the weekdays’ thirty-nine, from the side of the servant, Matat. Also, forty works minus one are the sowing and plowing, etc.
588) The Shechina is called “the land of the Creator,” as it is written, “The earth is My footstool.” From the side of Hesed, the Shechina is called “water.” From the side of Gevura she is called “fire.” From the side of the middle pillar, Tifferet, she is called “air,” and she herself is called “earth,” a land for everyone, receiving everyone.
589) And because the added Neshama spreads in the Shechina, which is the Sabbath queen, of which it is written, “And His kingdom rules over all,” from there she is Malchut, whose governance is on the earth and on the trees and seeds. And because her offspring are in the tree of life, ZA, which is the added Neshama on Sabbath, there is rest for the earth, the Shechina.
Because on Sabbath, Malchut mates with the tree of life, ZA, she has rest, since all the Klipot surrender due to the illumination of that Zivug, and there is no governance in all the worlds except her governance.
590) And because the upper Shechina, Bina, spreads in the earth, Malchut, and it is written in Malchut, “an unblemished red heifer in which there is no defect and on which a yoke has never been placed.” It is forbidden to plow on Sabbath with an ox, as it is written, “They who plow, plowed upon my back,” the judgments of the left. This is why it is written about Malchut, “On which a yoke has never been placed.”
The lower Shechina, Malchut, is a red heifer from the side of Gevura. She is unblemished from the side of Hesed, Abraham, of whom it is written, “walk before Me and be whole.” Hesed is whole [unblemished]. She is unblemished with respect to the middle pillar, Tifferet. Also, “on which a yoke has never been placed” relates to the upper Shechina, Bina, freedom, for where she rules, the foreigner who draws near will be put to death, as there is no permission to the Sitra Achra to rule, not Satan, not a saboteur, and not the angel of death, who are from the side of Hell.
591) For this reason, on weekdays, Israel say, “But He, being full of compassion, forgives iniquity, and does not destroy, and many a time does He turn His anger away.” It is so because on weekdays, the lower Shechina dresses in those Klipot of death and judgment, and on Sabbath she strips them off.
It is so because the tree of life, Ben [son of] Yod-Hey, has the Mochin of Yod-Hey, HB, he is Yod-Hey-Vav because ZA is Vav and has Mochin of Yod-Hey. On Sabbath, he connects with the Hey, Malchut, and at that time there is rest with the Hey and with everything below her. For this reason there is no need to say about her, “And He is merciful.” Below her are Israel, and wherever Israel are present, there is keeping and rest.
592) This is why it is forbidden to plow in the land and dig in it, since the earth implies Malchut, and it is as though one flaws the holy land, the Shechina. It is forbidden to use tools of the earth on Sabbath, or even move a rock, and not simply a tool, so they will have rest thanks to the Shechina, who is called “stone,” as it is written, “And that stone, which I have set up as a pillar,” in a prayer. It is called a “pillar” because it is endurance for Israel, for because of it there is persistence to Israel in the world. It is written about her, “From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel,” “on one stone are seven eyes,” and “The stone which the builders loathed.”
593) This is why it is written, “And the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.” They must keep it in their abodes, for LeDorotam [throughout their generations] is as Diratam [their abode], so they do not go out from the singular authority to the public authority.
This is what the authors of the Mishnah explained—the exits of the Sabbath are two, which are four: they are taking out from one authority to another authority, and letting in is also regarded as letting out. And SAM and the serpent should be kept from entering the abode of the Shechina, which is the singular authority. The public authority is a profaned woman, a maidservant, a harlot, menstruation, a gentile, who are the authority of SAM and the serpent, and seventy appointees of the nations.
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