And He Blessed Them on That Day

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488) “And he blessed them on that day saying, ‘By you will Israel bless.’” What is, “On that day”? It would have been enough to say, “And he blessed them.” Also, in all other places it writes “saying” without a Vav [in Hebrew], why does it write “saying” with a Vav here?

489) “On that day” is the degree that was appointed over the blessings above, Bina. “That day” is ZA, from a high place called “He,” Bina, where there is no separation between “day” and “He.” And wherever it says, “That day,” the upper degree, Bina, and the lower one, ZA, are together, meaning ZA rose to Bina and became like her.

490) For this reason, when Jacob wished to bless the sons of Joseph, he blessed them with the unification of above and below, all as one, so that their blessing will persist. Afterwards he included all of them together and said, “By you will Israel bless.” “By you” is the unification: In the beginning, he blessed from below upwards, “And he blessed them on that day,” meaning that ZA and Bina are together. Afterwards, he descended to the middle, to ZA, and down to Nukva, meaning with a Vav it is the middle because Vav is ZA. And then he descended below and said, “By you,” which indicates to the Nukva. Thus, the blessing is from below upwards and from above downwards.

491) Israel is Ysrael SabaZA de Bina. It does not write, “…will Israel be blessed,” but “…will Israel bless,” meaning that he will bless others, since Ysrael Saba receives the blessings from above and blesses all through the lower degree, the Nukva, as it is written, “By you will Israel bless.” Through the “By you,” which is the NukvaYsrael Saba blesses all.

492) “’May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh. And he put Ephraim before Manasseh.” He put Ephraim first because Ephraim is named after Israel because when the tribe of Ephraim came out, before the time of the enslavement in Egypt was completed, they rushed the hour and came out of exile, and their enemies rose against them and killed them.

It is written, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel.” this means that Ephraim was called “Israel,” since it is written, “[they] are the whole house of Israel.” This is why he preceded Ephraim to Manasseh. For this reason, Ephraim’s journey was to the west, and this was his journeying, since Divinity—in whom all of Israel are included—is on the west. And for this reason, Ephraim, who is called by the name, “Israel,” was on the side of Divinity.

493) Regarding the blessing that he blessed the sons of Joseph, why did he bless them first, before he blessed his own sons? It sounds as though one loves one’s grandchildren more than one’s own sons. And because the love of one’s grandchildren comes before one’s sons, he blessed them first.

494) “And he blessed them on that day saying, ‘By you will Israel bless.’” This is as it is written, “The Lord has been mindful of us, He will bless—He will bless the house of Israel.” Why does it write, “Bless,” twice? “The Lord has been mindful of us, He will bless” are the men, and “He will bless the house of Israel” are the women. This is so because the males need to be blessed first, and then the women, for women are blessed only by the blessing of the males. And when the males are blessed, the women are blessed, as it is written, “And made atonement for himself, and for his house.” Thus, one needs to make atonement for oneself first, and then for one’s home, since the male comes before the female so that she will be blessed from him.

495) Women are blessed only by males, when they are blessed first. And they are blessed from this blessing of the males. They do not need a special blessing of their own. Then why does the verse say, “Will bless the house of Israel,” if the women do not need a special blessing? Indeed, the Creator gives an additional blessing to a male who is married to a woman so that his wife will be blessed from him.

Similarly, in all places, the Creator gives additional blessing to a male who has married a woman so she will be blessed by this addition. And since a man marries a woman, He gives him two shares, one for himself and one for his wife. And he receives everything, his own share and his wife’s. This is why a special blessing is written for the women, “Will bless the house of Israel,” for this is their share. However, the males receive their share, as well, and give it to them later.

496) “And he blessed them on that day saying.” “Saying” is with a Vav [in Hebrew], implying to the firstborn son, since the Vav indicates to birthright, as it is written, “My son, My firstborn, Israel,” and as it is written, “Ephraim is My firstborn.” For this reason, the added Vav comes on the name, Ephraim, who is included in that blessing.

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