Wherever Letters Were Added, It Is a Subtraction

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699) “You shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains.” The number ten is because the establishing of the tabernacle, Malchut, is in ten. Eser [ten without a Hey] and not Asarah [ten with a Hey]. It writes Eser, without a Hey, which is ten Sefirot without Divinity, for Divinity encircles them from above because she is not counted among the ten, as it is written, “It stood on twelve oxen.” Since it writes ten, Divinity is not in the count of the twelve, for she is standing over them from above, as it is written, “And the sea was set upon them from above,” meaning Divinity, which is called “sea.” In those places that imply what they are missing from above, Divinity is in excess to that number, for she is not in the count.

700) The Sitra Achra is given an addition to the number, and she is subtracted in the number, such as 11, where the added Ayin to the number 12 [in Hebrew] reduces the count from 12 to 11. It indicates what they are lacking from above, that the added Ayin is the evil Ayin [eye]. Wherever letters were added, it is a subtraction, such as adding a Yod to Amnon to reduce his honor, as it is written, “Has Amnon your brother been with you?” On the side of Kedusha [holiness], reducing a letter is an addition, as he removes Ayin from 11 and the number turns from 11 to 12.

701) “Covering Yourself with light as with a cloak, stretching out heaven like a tent curtain.” When the Creator created the world, He cloaked Himself in the first light in the work of creation and created the heavens with it.

702) Light and darkness were not together because light is from the right line and darkness is from the left line. What did the Creator, Bina, do? He associated them together and created the heavens out of them, ZA, since ZA is the middle line that includes and determines the two lines—right and left, fire and water. Shamaim [heaven] has the letters of Esh and Mayim [fire and water respectively], which He associated together and made peace between them.

703) When fire and water were included together and He spread them as a curtain, as it is written, “Stretching out heaven like a tent curtain,” making the letter Vav of the name HaVaYaH out of them, ZA. It is called “a curtain” or “curtains,” since light expanded to Malchut from the letter Vav and became curtains, as it is written, “You shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains,” her ten Sefirot.

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