Bread of the First Crop

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72) There are two kinds of bread that Israel ate. One was when they came out of Egypt—they ate Matzot [unleavened bread], the bread of affliction, the bread from Malchut—and the other was in the desert—when they ate bread from heaven, bread from ZA, called “heaven.” It is written, “Behold, I will cause to rain bread from heaven for you.” This is why the offering of the holiday of Shavuot is bread, and the rest of the sacrifices are offered on bread. The bread is the main thing, as it is written, “And you shall present on the bread seven lambs, and as it is written, “You shall bring out of your dwellings two wave-loaves.” This is the bread in which Israel were made wise in the high wisdom of the Torah, and came in her ways.

73) On Passover, Israel came out of the bread called “leaven,” as it is written, “and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you.” It is also written, “For whosoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel.” They came out of the leaven because of the glory of the bread that is called Matza. Now that Israel were granted with the high bread of ZA, it was inappropriate for the leaven to be cancelled and not be seen at all. And why was this offering of the first bread leaven? After all, it is written, “They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven.” Moreover, on this day, the evil inclination, leaven, was revoked, since the Torah, called “freedom” is present. So why was leaven brought in?

74) It is like a king who had an only son, who was sickened. One day, he wished to eat. They said, “Let the king’s son eat this medicine, and before he eats it, let no other food be in the house.” And so they did. When he ate that medicine he said, “Henceforth, let him eat whatever he chooses; it will not be able to harm him.”

75) Similarly, when Israel came out of Egypt, they did not know the meaning and the foundation of the faith. The Creator said, “Let Israel taste the cure, and as long as they eat that medicine let no other food be seen by them,” meaning leaven. When they ate the Matza, which is the medicine to come and to know the meaning of faith, which is Malchut, the Creator said, “Henceforth, they are fit for leaven. Let them eat it for it can no longer harm them.” And on the day of Shavuot, the high bread of ZA was found, meaning complete healing.

76) This is why leaven is offered, meaning the evil inclination, to be burnt at the altar through the sacrifices that are offered at the altar, and the two other breads are offered by waving them together. Two other breads means besides the sacrifices. The leaven, the evil inclination, is burned in the fire of the altar through the sacrifices and cannot rule and harm Israel. This is why the holy Israel adhere to the Creator on this day with the healing of the Torah. And if Israel had kept both kinds of bread, the Matza and the high bread of ZA, they would never come into Din.

There are two kinds of Mochin to the Nukva:

  1. From the time, she was the two great lights, prior to the diminution. At that time she was on a par with ZA and was not receiving from him. Rather, they both received from Ima equally. ZA clothed her right line, Hassadim, and Malchut clothed her left line, Hochma without Hassadim. Then the moon complained because without HassadimHochma cannot shine, and her illumination was heavily restricted.
  2. Afterwards she was told, “Go and diminish yourself.” Then she descended below Chazeh de ZA, meaning that the Masach in Chazeh de ZA diminished her until she had nothing of her own and she receives everything from ZA. But instead, she is built in great Mochin from Hochma and Hassadim until she is in Zivug PBP [Panim be Panim—face to face] with ZA.

However, there is no absence in spirituality. Even though she was diminished and returned to PBP after the diminution, the Mochin from prior to the diminution was not cancelled in her. Instead, because of their limited illumination, the Mochin from prior to the diminution are called Mochin de Achoraim [posterior Mochin], Matza, which is called “bread of affliction.” And the Mochin that remains after the diminution is called Mochin de Panim [anterior Mochin], as well as “bread from the heaven,” since she receives these Mochin from ZA, who is called “heaven.”

Those are regarded as containing leaven, which means Dinim [judgments], due to the diminution that she was diminished when she descended from Chazeh de ZA downwards, and the Dinim at the point of Chazeh de ZA are leaven. Yet, this leaven is corrected until it becomes holiness and Rachamim [mercy], since it became revealed that were it not for the diminution and these DinimMalchut would have remained with bread of affliction and would never receive the great Mochin of PBP.

Thus, there are two kinds of corrections in two kinds of Mochin de Malchut:

  1. The correction of Mochin de Achoraim, which is to root out the leaven and remove it, as it is written, “Let it not be seen and let it not be found,” since the Hochma roots out all the Dinim. However, they do not completely uproot the leaven from all the lower places where it is still present. Hence, it turns out that the healing is incomplete.
  2. But the Mochin de Panim—by which the leaven is turned and becomes holiness and Rachamim—completely uproots the leaven, and it has no place in which to awaken any more. This is why this is considered complete healing.

Israel ate two kinds of bread. When they came out of Egypt, they ate the Matza, bread of affliction, the Mochin de Achoraim of the Malchut, whose illumination is restricted for lack of Hassadim. This is the bread of affliction. However, these Mochin are of Malchut herself, who received from Bina and not through ZA. This is why the seven days of Matzot are lower ones, the Mochin of Malchut herself.

And one in the desert is the bread from heaven, MAN, which was from Mochin de ZA itself. Hence, the offering of the Feast of Shavuot is also bread from heaven, like the MAN, except these are the Mochin of Malchut, who received them from heaven, ZA, the Mochin of PBP.

It was said about them, “You shall bring out of your dwellings two wave-loaves,” from the land, which is Malchut. However, she received them from the heaven, ZA; they are not her own Mochin like the Mochin de Achoraim. “And ye shall present with the bread seven lambs,” since the bread, the Mochin of PBP that are extended on Shavuot through the waving of the bread is the primary aim, and the offerings that are sacrificed are for complementing the bread. This is so because the leaven in the Mochin de Panim turns into holiness and Rachamim by making the offerings, since the fire of the altar turns the leaven—which is the Dinim that came due to the diminution—into “A sweet savor, an offering made by fire unto the Lord.”

It is written, “You shall bring out of your dwellings two wave-loaves,” referring to the bread from the land that comes from your dwelling places, and not the MAN, like they ate in the desert. This is bread in which Israel grew wise, the high Hochma [wisdom] of the Torah, since they are the Mochin de Panim that come from ZA, which is called Torah to the Malchut, and Israel who received those Mochin were also rewarded with high Hochma.

This is his reply to the question: Since the day of Shavuot is greater than Passover, why was leaven permitted on Shavuot? After all, the leaven are Dinim and the evil inclination. This is because there are two kinds of healings: 1) Matza, to repel the Dinim, though this does not turn them into Rachamim yet. 2) The bread of the first crop and offerings that are offered on them at the altar, where through the offerings, the leaven burns at the altar and turns into a sweet savor. This healing is complete healing until the leaven becomes holiness, as it is written, “Two wave-loaves … baked with leaven.” If Israel had kept these two kinds of bread—Matza and the high bread of ZA—they would never have come into Din, since through the Matza, the wave-loaves, and the offerings the Dinim would have become holiness and Rachamim wherever they are.

77) The day of the beginning of the year [Rosh Hashanah] is a day of Din for those who did not take the healing food, Matzot, meaning Mochin de Achoraim, and left the healing of the Torah, which is Mochin of PBP from ZA, called “Torah.” Through these two healings, the other food was corrected, the leaven, and became holiness, since on that day of the beginning of the year, leaven rises, accuses man, and slanders against him. On that day, he is poised to slander against the whole world, and the Creator sits in Din over everything and judges the world.

78) For this reason, when the Creator gave the Torah to Israel, He gave them a taste from that high bread, from the Mochin de Panim de ZA, from that place, from the Malchut that receives from Him. Through that bread, they knew and observed the secrets of the Torah, to go on the straight path.

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