Rosh Hashanah

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356) This is why we need to detail the sins of each organ, and what it did in particular, as it is written, “I acknowledge my sin unto You.” Afterward, “And You forgave the iniquity of my sin, Selah.” How do we know it? From Moses, as it is written, “Please, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them a god of gold.” And about Israel, it is written, “We have sinned because we have left the Lord.”

Moses’ verse was in singular form, but in the public they do not have to detail their sins. But this verse, “We have sinned because we have left the Lord” is in public. And if it is in public, their messenger does not need to detail the sins. But it is written, “And Moses returned to the Lord and said, ‘Please, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them a god of gold.’”

It is so because anyone who details his sins, the courthouse of above parts from him and does not find him guilty, since a person is close to himself, and finding fault is close to a testimony. Hence, he is not judged for himself.

357) He did not let a slanderer cast fault and flaw on him, since the person rushed first and spoke, and did not leave room for another to speak. Then the Creator forgives him, as it is written, “And he who confesses and forsakes will find compassion.”

358) In the days of Rosh `Hashanah, the courthouses establish a throne to the king to sentence the whole world. Israel come in first to be sentenced by Him, so the Rachamim will multiply, before the anger at the wicked of the world awakens. It is written, “And the sentence of His people, Israel, each day.” “Each day” is the two days of Rosh Hashanah. They are two days because they are two courthouses joined together, the upper, harsh Din, and the lower, mild Din. Both are present.

The blowing of the Shofar [ram’s horn] is to invoke the Dinim of the Masach de Hirik of the middle line, to unite the two lines, right and left, with one another. There are two actions in the Masach de Hirik toward the left line: 1) Man’ula [lock], a harsh Din; 2) Miftacha [key], a mild Din.

The Man’ula is concealed in the GAR of each degree, and the Miftacha is in the VAK of each degree. For this reason, the Man’ula is called “the courthouse of above,” and the Miftacha is “the courthouse of below.” They always illuminate in one another because they need one another, since the Miftacha receives the power of Din from the Man’ula, and the Man’ula receives the illumination of the mitigation from the Miftacha.

On the first day of Rosh Hashanah, which is GAR, the Man’ula rules, the harsh Din. On the second day of Rosh Hashanah, which is VAK, the Miftacha rules.

359) The Babylonians did not know this secret of the Shevarim and the Tekiah; they did not know that both were required. The Teruah is harsh Din; three Shevarim are mild Din; hence, it is similar to one who is groaning from one’s heart, which is weak. The Babylonians did not know which of them was needed, so they did both. We know both, that both are required, and we do both, and everything emerges to the path of truth.

360) It is written, “Blow the Shofar at the new moon, at the full moon, on our feast day. For it is a statute for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob” “At the new moon is a mild Din, called “moon” [month]. “At the full moon” is harsh Din, called “the fear of Isaac.” It is a Din that is always covered, Man’ula, which is not an open Din because it is concealed in GAR.

A statute is a mild DinMiftacha, open. An ordinance is Din mingled with Rachamim, and both are together. This is why there are two days on Rosh Hashanah, and the two are one.

361) It is written, “How fortunate is the people who knows the Teruah.” Not “who hear,” or “who blow,” but “who know the Teruah,” for only the sages who dwell in the air of the holy land know the Teruah, to enter before Him and connect with Him. And all those who know the meaning of the Teruah will approach to go by the light of the face of the Creator. This is the first light, which the Creator had concealed for the righteous, and this is why we must know the Teruah.

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